It should be noted immediately that the contractual basis of the withdrawal agreement does not contain a long-term trade agreement. This can only be negotiated after Brexit. But even if it could be negotiated now, it would not solve the problem of the Irish border. Both the UK and the EU are committed, both in the Good Friday Agreement and in the December 2017 Joint Declaration, not only to the accessibility of hard-border goods in Ireland, but also to the maintenance of an all-iceland economy. (more…) Unless expressly authorized by HMG in the United Kingdom, Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories are not entitled to become parties to contracts themselves. The United Kingdom must extend the territorial scope of its ratification of treaties to them. As a general rule, this occurs either at the time of ratification or at a later date.  Dr. Fox also announced that some agreements will certainly not apply for the day of the release with Andorra, Japan, Turkey and San Marino.
The agreement with Algeria is unlikely to be over either. When it comes to numbers, the ad is thin on the details. The Ministry of International Trade notes that agreements between the EU and the free trade agreement account for 11% of the UK`s trade, a figure that initially appears to be low. There will be no further information on the importance of undersigned countries for UK trade, nor on the risk that UK trade still poses with the rest of the free trade group if we have a hard Brexit in a month. This blog aims to fill some of these gaps. (more…) While free trade agreements are aimed at boosting trade, too many cheap imports could threaten a country`s producers, which could affect employment. The European Union`s free trade agreement contributes to EU growth: in 2018, the EU was the world`s second largest exporter (15.5%) before the United States (10.6%) China (15.8%).  Meanwhile, negotiations with Japan have made some progress since the last analysis. In an official announcement on 11 September, it was stated that the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement between the United Kingdom and Japan had been the subject of an agreement in principle between the two countries. . The full text of the agreement has yet to be published, so the exact details of the concessions are not known at this time.
However, given the timing of the negotiations, the agreement should be broadly similar to that between Japan and the EU. Uk exports to Japan continue to grow in 2019 to reach a total of $317 million. Japan granted the UK access to beef and lamb meat in early 2019, after a two-decade ban. The INTER agreement between the EU and Japan aims to reduce tariffs on beef from 38.5% to 9% over a 15-year period. Other important concessions of the EU-Japan agreement include improving access to pork, processed pork, cheese and alcoholic beverages, all of which are important opportunities for UK exporters in the future.