The Council`s vote on the final approval of the VA will take place after the vote in the European Parliament. No Council meeting is scheduled between January 29 and 31. The Council should proceed with the vote by written procedure, with the members of the Council agreeing to vote in writing. The government is still negotiating with the EU on the terms of future relations, with the transitional period for Brexit ending on 31 December. But even if an agreement is reached by then, the British government must ratify and implement the treaty in order to make it effective in British law. The EU will also have to ratify any agreement: learn more about this process. On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  The agreement also provides for a transitional period that will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.   The government could pass a bill with a clause that would directly integrate the free trade agreement between Britain and the EU into British law. This language could be similar to that of the European Communities Act of 1972 (which provides for the inclusion of EU treaties and other EU rights) and the 2020 Withdrawal Agreement (which does the same for the withdrawal agreement).
The free trade agreement would have a direct effect and supremacy over any legislation contrary to the United Kingdom. This is the approach taken by the government in much of its Brexit legislation. It would ensure that the government has the powers to implement all aspects of an agreement, while the bill remains short, simple and less vulnerable to amendments (but not fully immunized). The lack of detail on what exactly the bill would do could make it less controversial with Brexit MPs, although the House of Lords has recently criticised the government`s high-level use of bills that deprive Parliament of the opportunity to examine legislation in detail. The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border agreements and dispute resolution. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the other 27 EU countries and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it faced opposition from the British Parliament, which needed approval for ratification. The approval of the European Parliament would also have been necessary. On January 15, 2019, the House of Commons rejected the withdrawal agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement by 391 votes to 242 on 12 March 2019 and rejected it a third time, on 29 March 2019, by 344 votes to 286.
On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government approved the first phase in Parliament, but Johnson halted the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme failed to receive the necessary support and announced his intention to declare a general election.  On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the withdrawal agreement; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the withdrawal agreement.